The Galápagos Islands are home to lots of different types of plants and animals. These plants combined with the 200 species of introduced plants and 500 species of mosses, lichens and liverworts give the Galapagos its complex ecosystem. This island was visited by the man himself during “the Voyage of the Beagle” (Lloyd’s current obsession – he’s actually reading the book written by Charles Darwin; documenting Darwin’s adventures to the Galapagos Islands as well as many other places – see the full list of places Darwin visited here). The Galapagos Islands are home to some of the highest levels of endemism (species found nowhere else on earth) anywhere on the planet. These rugged, plant “pioneers” crossed oceans to get here — carried as seeds by birds (about 60 percent), by wind (about 31 percent), or by rafting in (about 9 percent). Many of the plants came on journeys from the mainland and have had to adapt and flourish with little insect life to pollinate and disperse seeds which would normally occur in a similar environment. The Galápagos Islands may just inspire you to think differently about the world. If you’re keen on seeing animals or plants not found anywhere else on the planet then the Galapagos Islands are the place for you. As its name indicates, this type of cactus grows on barren lava flows. Galapagos Islands Plant Species.

About 80% of the land birds you will see, 97% of the reptiles and land mammals, and more than 30% of the plants are endemic. Because of a large number of endemic animals, specific climatic conditions on different islands and isolation from the outside world, he could systematically study the impact of specific factors on the morphology […] Galapagos Islands Plants. For many, the Galapagos Islands appeals to a lot of interest to those in search of one of the few surviving impressive wild animals encounters in the world. There are a 552 species of plants that have been recorded in the Galapagos, with 372 of them being listed as native and 180 being endemic . History of Plant Life in the Galapagos Islands: How Did It All Get Here? Of the 500 species of "higher" plants 40% are endemic. With about 560 native species of “higher” plants - plants which arrived in the islands by natural means - in the islands of which about one third are endemic the plant life of Galapagos is just as extraordinary as its wildlife. History of Plant Life in the Galapagos Islands: How Did It All Get Here?

Galapagos flora is as amazing as its fauna. Galapagos colonisation: starting life on bare rock. Washed up on the shoreline or blown by the wind from the South American mainland, these pioneer species are the first forms of life on the bare rock. On the few islands that are taller than about 2,000 feet (600 m), the Galápagos tree fern (Cyathea weatherbyana) is the dominant plant. Galapagos Islands Plant Species. Most of the plants were brought for agricultural and aesthetic reasons. The zones are separated by the different sorts of plants that grow there. lichen, algae and mosses), able to cope with the harsh environment. These animals are amazingly not scared of people either, so you’ll be up close and personal. As its name indicates, this type of cactus grows on barren lava flows. Plants of the Galápagos Vegetation Zones. On some islands the zones are in different orders or, depending on how high the island is, some of the higher zones don't exist. The Galapagos Island chain, positioned nearly 600 miles west from the region of Latin America, is very probably the very best location to witness evolution in … For example, giant tortoises , … The first things to colonise the islands are small and basic organisms (e.g. There are approximately over 1,300 total invasive species within the Galapagos Islands consisting of over 500 insects, over 750 plants and over 30 vertebrates. The creatures that call the islands home, many found nowhere else in the world, act as if humans are nothing more than slightly annoying paparazzi. The Galapagos Island chain, positioned nearly 600 miles west from the region of Latin America, is very probably the very best location to witness evolution in …